Un algoritmo heurístico para resolver la asignación de usos alternativos en áreas rurales

Jorge Gayoso y Roberto Muñoz

To solve territorial arrangement and alternative land use allocation, a heuristic alogorithm was used. The study area included 2216 hectares located in the Andes range, Panguipulli, 10th Region, Chile. To solve the problem, a links and nodes network was established. The nodes represented multiple products from different productive units, time periods and destinations. The links represented fixed and variable transportation and operational cost and investments and unit revenues from each alternative use. The analysis considered the following alternative uses; wood products from native forest, non-use value of native forest as carbon stock and conservation or existence value. Cattle, crop farming and Pseudotzuga menziesii plantations are considered for areas without vegetation or covered with bushes. The solution chooses the most efficient use, the path and the destination for multiple time periods maximizing the net present value. Native forest areas allocate productive forest use when the wood net benefits exceed the net present value as carbon stock. The current areas without forest are recommended as cattle and Pseudotsuga menziesii plantations over wheat cultures depending on terrain conditions. This work proves that the methodological tool proposed, selects uses to maximize the total net present profits, reaching an efficient solution that could be extended to solve similar or more complex problems which include different uses and wider territoral areas.

Palabras clave: Análisis económico espacial, asignación de uso de la tierra, planificación del transporte.

Revista BOSQUE 21(1): 3-12, 2000